When it comes to living on rural properties, dealing with water wells and septic tanks are a reality for most homeowners. And, if this is your first time dealing with both, then you are in for a bit of a learning curve.
While septic systems generally have very few problems other than occasional clogs or the tank overfilling due to lack of timely pumping, water wells can be a lot more complex to troubleshoot.
Water wells typically have a submersible pump, electronic controls, and sometimes even have holding tanks and pressure tanks if they are very deep or low-producing.
If you turned on the shower this morning and discovered no water from the well is reaching your home, then you need to take a systematic approach at trying to determine the problem. By doing so, you may be able to solve the problem before you need to call out a plumber or a well driller.
Step 1: Ensure Everything Has Power
Your well's submersible pump is hardwired into the power panel on your property. If you have a pressure tank, then its pump is also hardwired into a breaker in the panel. Before you do any further troubleshooting, verify the power is flowing.
If a breaker flipped, then simply turn it back on. This may solve the problem, or the breaker may flip again. If the breaker flips again, then you need to call a professional for assistance.
Step 2: Check Your Holding Tank
If your well system has a holding tank, ensure it has water in it. If the tank is empty, then the submersible pump is not pumping any water from the well's bore to the surface.
Pulling a well pump is a job for a professional because it requires special machinery as well as dealing with a deadly combination of electricity and water.
Step 3: Check the Pressure in Your Pressure Tank
If your well system has a pressure tank with a pump on top of it, then it's important for the tank to have water and air pressures inside of it. Without this pressure, there isn't anything to push the water from the holding tank to your house.
Pressure tanks have an air-fill valve on top of them. Check the air pressure using a tire gauge. If you don't know the correct standing pressure, then search your model online and the information will be readily available.
If the air pressure is okay, then rock the tank back and forth to ensure it has water inside. If the tank is very light and easily moves, then it's pump has likely failed and will need professional replacement.
For more information, contact companies such as Action Well & Pump Repair.