Most basements are plagued with frequent plumbing problems, and their owners don't know why. Here are some of the reasons basements experience frequent plumbing problems.
The basement is the lowest part of the house, and water tends to flow from high to low areas (due to gravity). Therefore, most of the free water in or around the house will end up in the basement if they find a way there. For example, if there is a leak on the floor above, some of the water may end up in the basement. Leaks within the basement will also remain in the basement because they can't flow out.
The same gravity issues that cause flooding in the basement can also cause drainage backups in the basement. In many cases, the basement plumbing system has to be assisted in draining its wastes out of the house. The assistance is necessary because, in many cases, the wastes will be flowing against the action of gravity. Therefore, any slight problem can lead to drainage backup more easily than it would have caused the same problem on the upper flows. Washing machines, bathtubs, and even toilets in the basement are all subject to such problems.
Basement temperatures tend to be different from temperatures in the rest of the house. Depending on the prevailing weather, the basement can either be too cold or too hot compared to the rest of the house. For example, the basement can be extremely colder than the rest of the house during the cold season because the basement is close to the ground and doesn't get heated naturally. What is more, heated air tends to rise, so warm air in the basement will rise and warm the upper rooms. Thus, basement plumbing pipes can easily freeze and burst without proper insulation.
Lastly, the basement can also suffer from ventilation issues. Inadequate ventilation, coupled with problems such as moisture, mold, and frequent sewer backups, can lead to unsanitary conditions in the basement. The ventilation problem arises due to the basement's underground position, which allows moisture from the soil to seep into the basement. Coupled with the basement air, which is not exactly fresh, it creates the need for a carefully designed basement ventilation system.
Since there are several causes of basement plumbing problems, it pays to have your situation diagnosed by a professional first. A plumber will help you figure out the root of the problem so that you can fix it once and for all.
For more information, contact local professionals like those found at Roto Rooter.